NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 5 – Popular Struggle and Movements are an essential resource for students who want to understand the role of popular struggles and movements in a democracy. This chapter covers topics such as the Chipko movement, the Narmada Bachao Andolan, and the anti-apartheid movement in South Africa. The solutions by Swastik Classes aim to help students understand the concept of popular struggles and movements, the conditions that lead to their emergence, and their impact on society. The solutions are designed in a way that is easy to understand and provide a comprehensive understanding of the topic. They include examples, exercises, and activities that engage students and make the learning experience interactive. Overall, Swastik Classes’ NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 5 – Popular Struggle and Movements are an excellent resource for students looking to develop a better understanding of the role of popular struggles and movements in promoting social justice and democracy.
Writing responses to the class 10 Social Science questions provided in the exercise might be challenging for students for a number of reasons. One should not omit any NCERT textbook content in order to get the highest possible grade. Use the Swastik Classes’ NCERT answers for Social Science class 10 as a resource. Important exam-based questions are covered in depth in each chapter.
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics CHAPTER 5-POPULAR STRUGGLE AND MOVEMENTS – Exercises
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Popular Struggle and Movements
1. In what ways do pressure groups and movements exert influence on politics?
Pressure groups and movements exert influence on politics in a variety of ways.
• They try to gain public support and sympathy for their cause by carrying out information campaigns, organising meetings, filing petitions, etc. Most of these groups try to influence the media into giving more attention to these groups.
• They generally call for a strike, a protest march to raise their voice and try to disrupt the government programmes. Most of the federation, union take such steps for influencing governmental policies.
• They also influence decision-making by lobbying.
• The issues raised by them often influence the policies of political parties.
2. Describe the forms of relationship between pressure groups and political parties?
The relationship between political parties and pressure groups can take different forms.
• Pressure groups are often formed and led by politicians and political parties or act as extended arms of political parties. Most trade unions and student’s organisations in India are either established by or affiliated to one or the other major political party.
• Political parties sometimes grow out of movements. Parties like DMK and AIADMK in Tamil Nadu can be traced to a long drawn social reform movement.
• Many times, the issues raised by pressure groups are taken up by political parties, leading to a change in the policies of the parties.
• On some occasion, the views and ideas of political parties and interests groups are opposite to each other. In such a situation, they may stand against each other on a particular issue.
3. Explain how the activities of pressure groups are useful in the functioning of a democratic government.
Pressure groups and movements are necessary for democracy. If everyone in the country gets equal opportunity, is considered healthy for the society. Generally, the government falls under pressure of these rich and influential people. Putting pressure on the rulers is not an unhealthy activity in a democracy as long as everyone gets this opportunity. Pressure groups perform a useful role of countering this undue influence of reminding the government of the needs and concerns of ordinary citizens. From this, the government can come to know about the needs of the people and can accommodate all of them with conflicting interests.
4. What is a pressure group? Give a few examples.
A pressure group is an organisation which attempts to influence government policies through protests and demonstrations. Pressure groups are formed when people with similar opinions get together for similar objectives. They do not aim to directly control or share political power. Pressure groups do not look for the power of political office for themselves but do seek to influence the decisions made by those who do hold this political power. Examples of pressure groups are FEDECOR and BAMCEF.
5. What is the difference between a pressure group and a political party?
• A pressure group is an organised or an unorganised body that tries to promote its interests.They achieve their aims by exerting pressure on the government. Generally, the member of these groups are those people who have some common interests. They do not aim to directly control or share political power.
• Political parties, on the other hand, is an organised body which tries to attain political power of the country by contesting the election. They have more than one interests, they have their own ideology. They represent various interests and have their own way of achieving their aims.
6. Organisations that undertake activities to promote the interests of specific social sections such as workers, employees, teachers, and lawyers are called ________ groups.
Explanation: If one group brings pressure on government to make in its favour, another will bring counter pressure not to make policies in the way the first group desires. Their principal concern is well being and betterment of their members, not society in general.
7. Which among the following is the special feature that distinguishes a pressure group from a political party?
(a) Parties take political stances, while pressure groups do not bother about political issues.
(b) Pressure groups are confined to a few people, while parties involve a larger number of people.
(c) Pressure groups do not seek to get into power, while political parties do.
(d) Pressure groups do not seek to mobilize people, while parties do.
(c) Pressure groups do not seek to get into power, while political parties do.
8. Match List I (organisations and struggles) with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:
|List I||List II|
|1||Organisations that seek to promote the interests of a particular section or group||Α.||Movement|
|2||Organisations that seek to promote common interest||Β.||Political parties|
|3||Struggles launched for the resolution of a social problem with or without an organisational structure||C.||Sectional interest groups|
|4||Organisations that mobilize people with a view to win political power||D.||Public interest groups|
9. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:
|List I||List II|
|1||Pressure group||Α.||Narmada Bachao Andolan|
|2||Long-term movement||Β.||Asom Gana Parishad|
|3||Single issue movement||C.||Women’s Movement|
|4||Political party||D.||Fertilizer dealers’ association|
10. Consider the following statements about pressure groups and parties.
A.Pressure groups are the organised expression of the interests and views of specific social sections.
B. Pressure groups take positions on political issues.
C. All pressure groups are political parties.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a)A, B, and C
(b) A and B
(c) B and C
(d) A and C
(b) A and B
Explanation: A pressure group can be described as an organised group that does not put up candidates for election, but seeks to influence government policy or legislation. They can also be described as ‘interest groups’, ‘lobby groups’ or ‘protest groups’
Conclusions for NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics CHAPTER 5-POPULAR STRUGGLE AND MOVEMENTS
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 5 – Popular Struggle and Movements by Swastik Classes provides a detailed insight into the concept of popular struggles and movements. The chapter covers various popular struggles and movements from different parts of the world and their impact on society. The solutions are designed to help students understand the factors that lead to the emergence of popular struggles and movements and the role they play in promoting social justice and democracy. The solutions are easy to understand, well-structured, and include numerous examples and exercises to help students master the concepts. Swastik Classes’ approach to teaching is student-centric, and their solutions aim to provide a personalized learning experience to every student. Overall, the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 5 – Popular Struggle and Movements by Swastik Classes are an excellent resource for students looking to build a strong foundation in Civics and prepare for their exams.
What are popular struggles and movements?
Answer: Popular struggles and movements refer to collective action taken by people to challenge existing power structures and promote social change. They are often sparked by a sense of injustice, inequality, or oppression, and involve people from different social and economic backgrounds.
What is the significance of the Chipko movement?
Answer: The Chipko movement was a significant environmental movement that started in Uttarakhand, India, in the 1970s. The movement aimed to protect the Himalayan forests from commercial logging and emphasized the role of local communities in forest conservation. The movement’s success led to the introduction of laws and policies that gave local communities a greater say in forest management.
What was the Narmada Bachao Andolan?
Answer: The Narmada Bachao Andolan was a popular struggle against the construction of large dams on the Narmada River in India. The movement was led by social activist Medha Patkar and aimed to protect the rights of people affected by the dam construction. The movement gained national and international attention and played a significant role in raising awareness about the social and environmental impact of large dams.
What was the anti-apartheid movement in South Africa?
Answer: The anti-apartheid movement was a popular struggle against the system of racial segregation and discrimination that existed in South Africa from 1948 to the early 1990s. The movement aimed to end the apartheid system and promote racial equality and democracy. The movement included protests, boycotts, and civil disobedience, and played a significant role in the dismantling of the apartheid system.
How can popular struggles and movements bring about social change?
Answer: Popular struggles and movements can bring about social change by raising awareness about social and economic injustices and mobilizing people to demand change. They can also put pressure on governments and other power structures to introduce policies and laws that address the concerns of the people. Additionally, popular struggles and movements can inspire people to participate in the democratic process and become active citizens.