Welcome to Swastik Classes, where we provide NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 2: Forest and Wildlife Resources. This chapter discusses the importance of forests and wildlife in maintaining ecological balance and sustaining life on earth.
Our expert team has designed these solutions to help students understand the complex concepts and topics covered in this chapter in a simple and concise manner. Our solutions provide step-by-step explanations to all the questions in the textbook, making it easier for students to grasp the concepts and score well in their exams.
With our NCERT Solutions, students can not only strengthen their understanding of the subject but also prepare for various competitive exams. We aim to provide the best possible assistance to students to help them excel in their academic journey.
NCERT SOLUTIONS FOR CLASS 10 SOCIAL SCIENCE GEOGRAPHY CHAPTER-2 FOREST AND WILDLIFE RESOURCES – Exercises
1. Multiple choice questions
(i) Which of these statements is not a valid reason for the depletion of flora and fauna?
(a) Agricultural expansion
(b) Large scale developmental projects
(c) Grazing and fuel wood collection
(d) Rapid industrialisation and urbanisation
Solution : (c) Grazing and fuel wood collection
(ii) Which of the following conservation strategies do not directly involve community participation?
(a) Joint forest management
(b) Beej Bachao Andolan
(c) Chipko Movement
(d) Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries
Solution : (d) Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries
2. Match the following animals with their category of existence.
|Animals/Plants||Category of existence|
|Andaman wild pig||Endangered|
|Himalayan brown bear||Vulnerable|
|Pink head duck||Endemic|
|Animals/Plants||Category of existence|
|Andaman wild pig||Endemic|
|Himalayan brown bear||Rare|
|Pink head duck||Extinct|
3. Match the following.
|Reserved forests||other forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities|
|Protected forests||forests are regarded as most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources|
|Unclassed forests||forest lands are protected from any further depletion|
|Reserved forests||forests are regarded as most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources|
|Protected forests||forest lands are protected from any further depletion|
|Unclassed forests||other forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities|
Answer the following questions in about 30 words.
4 (i) What is biodiversity? Why is biodiversity important for human lives?
(ii) How have human activities affected the depletion of flora and fauna? Explain.
(i) Biodiversity is immensely rich in wildlife and cultivated species, diverse in form and function, but closely integrated in a system through multiple networks of interdependencies.
It is important for human lives because the human beings, along with the biodiversity, form a complete web of ecological system in which we are only a part and are very much dependent on this system for our own existence.
(ii) Several human activities have affected the depletion of flora and fauna and has led to decline in India’s biodiversity. The main factors responsible for this damage are:
• Habitat destruction, mainly due to overpopulation leading to expansion of agriculture, mining, industrialisation and urbanisation and consequent wiping out of large forest areas.
• Hunting and poaching and illegal trade of animal skin, tusk, bones, teeth, horns, etc have lead many speices to the verge of extinction.
• Environmental pollution, poisoning of water bodies due to discharge of industrial effluents, chemicals, wastes, etc. leading to animal deaths.
• Forest fires often induced by shifting cultivation wiping out valuable forests and wildlife.
• Large scale development projects and destruction of forests.
• Grazing and fuel wood collection.
• Over-exploitation of forest products
Other important causes of environmental destruction are unequal access, inequitable consumption of forest resources and differential sharing of responsibility for environmental well-being.
Answer the following questions in about 120 words.
5 (i) Describe how communities have conserved and protected forests and wildlife in India.
(ii) Write a note on good practices towards conserving forest and wildlife.
(i) Indian forests are home to different communities. These communities have a complex relationship with their environment. The Mundas and the Santhal of Chhota Nagpur region worship Mahua and Kadamba trees; the tribals of Orissa and Bihar worship the tamarind and mango trees. Similarly, the Bishnois of Rajasthan hold the antelopes in high reverence. For these communities, particular flora and fauna are integral to their identity, so they take a number of steps to protect the same. Villagers around the Sariska Reserve have opposed mining activities in the region as these activities endanger wildlife. Villagers in the Alwar district of Rajasthan have banned hunting and lumbering activities in a 1200 hectare area they have marked as Bhairodev Dakav ‘Sonchuri’. Such activities have helped preserve patches of virgin forest land.
(ii) Good practices towards conserving forest and wildlife are plenty. Nowadays, many non-governmental organisations are working towards creating public awareness for conserving depleting forest cover and vanishing wildlife. Central and state governments in India have set up national parks and wildlife sanctuaries to protect forests and endangered species in wildlife. A recently developing practice towards conservation is the search for different conservation measures. Biodiversity is the new by-word of good practices towards conserving forest and wildlife. Various communities, especially in tribal areas, who are dependent on forests for their living are now taking an active role in this form of conservation.
Conclusions for NCERT SOLUTIONS FOR CLASS 10 SOCIAL SCIENCE GEOGRAPHY CHAPTER-2 FOREST AND WILDLIFE RESOURCES
Swastik Classes’ NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 2: Forest and Wildlife Resources are a comprehensive and helpful resource for students studying this subject. This chapter provides an in-depth understanding of the importance of forests and wildlife in maintaining ecological balance and sustaining life on earth.
Our solutions provide a step-by-step approach to answering all the questions in the textbook, making it easier for students to understand and retain the information. Our expert team has crafted these solutions to help students prepare effectively for their exams and strengthen their understanding of the subject.
We aim to provide high-quality educational resources that will help students achieve their academic goals and succeed in their future endeavors. Our NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 2: Forest and Wildlife Resources are an essential tool for students to enhance their knowledge and skills in this subject.
Q1. Why are forests important?
A1. Forests are important for various reasons, such as:
- They help in maintaining the ecological balance
- They provide habitats for wildlife
- They prevent soil erosion
- They regulate the water cycle
- They are a source of timber, non-timber forest products, and medicinal plants
Q2. What are the major causes of deforestation?
A2. The major causes of deforestation are:
- Commercial logging
- Agricultural expansion
- Mining activities
- Urbanization and infrastructure development
- Forest fires
Q3. What is biodiversity?
A3. Biodiversity refers to the variety of plant and animal species present in a particular ecosystem. It includes genetic diversity, species diversity, and ecosystem diversity.
Q4. How can we conserve forests and wildlife?
A4. We can conserve forests and wildlife by:
- Implementing strict laws and regulations to prevent illegal logging and poaching
- Promoting afforestation and reforestation
- Encouraging sustainable use of forest resources
- Creating awareness among people about the importance of conservation
- Establishing protected areas such as national parks and wildlife sanctuaries
Q5. How can NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 2: Forest and Wildlife Resources help students?
A5. NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 2: Forest and Wildlife Resources by Swastik Classes provide a comprehensive understanding of the chapter’s concepts and topics. By going through these solutions, students can improve their knowledge and skills and prepare effectively for their exams. The solutions cover all the essential topics and concepts, making it easier for students to understand and retain the information.