Welcome to Swastik Classes’ NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 7 – Life Lines of National Economy. In this chapter, you will learn about the various modes of transportation and communication that play a crucial role in the economic development of a country. You will also understand the significance of transport and communication networks in facilitating trade, commerce, and industry. Through our solutions, we aim to provide you with a clear understanding of the concepts discussed in the chapter and help you excel in your examinations. So, let’s get started!
Writing responses to the class 10 Social Science questions provided in the exercise might be challenging for students for a number of reasons. One should not omit any NCERT textbook content in order to get the highest possible grade. Use the Swastik Classes’ NCERT answers for Social Science class 10 as a resource. Important exam-based questions are covered in depth in each chapter.
NCERT SOLUTIONS FOR CLASS 10 SOCIAL SCIENCE GEOGRAPHY CHAPTER-7 LIFE LINES OF NATIONAL ECONOMY – Exercises
1. Multiple choice questions
(i) Which two of the following extreme locations are connected by the east-west corridor?
(a) Mumbai and Nagpur
(b) Silcher and Porbandar
(c) Mumbai and Kolkata
(d) Nagpur and Siligudi
Solution : (b) Silcher and Porbandar
(ii) Which mode of transportation reduces trans-shipment losses and delays?
Solution : (c) Pipeline
(iii) Which one of the following states is not connected with the H.V.J. pipeline?
(a) Madhya Pradesh
(d) Uttar Pradesh
Solution : (b) Maharashtra
(iv) Which one of the following ports is the deepest land-locked and well-protected port along the east cost?
Solution : (d) Vishakhapatnam
(v) Which one of the following is the most important modes of transportation in India?
Solution : (b) Railways
(vi) Which one of the following terms is used to describe trade between two or more countries?
(a) Internal trade
(b) International trade
(c) External trade
(d) Local trade
Solution : (b) International trade
Answer the following questions in about 30 words.
2. (i) State any three merits of roadways.
Solution : Merits of roadways:
→ They are cheaper than railways in terms of construction costs.
→ Roads can go through dissected and undulating land areas and through steep mountains.
→ They are economical as loading costs are low and door-to-door service can be availed of.
(ii) Where and why is rail transport the most convenient means of transporation?
Solution : In the northern plains, rail transport is the most convenient mode of transportation. This is because this region has vast level lands that are good for laying tracks, and huge population and high agricultural productivity, making rail transport a profitable venture.
(iii) What is the significance of the border roads?
Solution : Border roads are strategically important as they improve accessibility to areas like the northern and north eastern border areas which have a difficult terrain.
(iv) What is meant by trade? What is the difference between international and local trade?
Solution : Trade is the movement of goods and services between regions for economic gain. Trade between two or more countries is termed as international trade, while trade occurring in a region within the same country is called local trade.
Answer the following questions in about 120 words.
3. (i) Why are the means of transportation and communication called the lifelines of a nation and its economy?
Solution : The means of transportation and communication are called the lifelines of a nation and its economy due to the reasons given below:
→ The means of transportation and communication help in the production and movement of goods and services.
→ Transport helps in the development of communication . Various means of communication help us in interacting with other in all the parts of the world It has brought the world closer.
→ Transport like railways help us in conducting various activities like business, sight seeing, pilgrimage and transportation of goods over longer distances.
→ Pipelines are used for transporting crude oil and natural gas to refineries and factories.
→ Water provide the cheapest means of transport and is useful for international trade.
→ Air transport provides the fastest, most comfortable mode of transport.
Thus, it is clear that there are many advantages of transportation and communication. These means help in the development of the country. So they are called the lifelines of a nation and its economy.
(ii) Write a note on the changing nature of the international trade in the last fifteen years.
Solution : The changing nature of the international trade for India, in the last fifteen years, has been impressive. Exchange of information and knowledge has surpassed exchange of goods and commodities. Through its advanced software knowledge and excellence in the field of information technology, India has emerged as a viable contender at the international level and is earning huge amounts of foreign exchange through the same. Tourism too has added to India’s upgraded position in international trade. In 2004, there was a 23.5% increase in foreign tourist arrivals as against the number in 2003. Thus, international trade for India has undergone a cognisable change in the past fifteen years.
1. Northern terminal of the North-south corridor.
2. The name of National Highway No.2.
3. The headquarter of the southern railway zone.
4. The rail gauge with a track width of 1.676 m.
5. The southern terminal of the National Highway No.7.
6. A Riverine Port.
7. Busiest railway junction in Northern India.
2. Grand Trunk Road
4. Broad gauge
6. Kolkata Port Trust
Conclusions for NCERT SOLUTIONS FOR CLASS 10 SOCIAL SCIENCE GEOGRAPHY CHAPTER-7 LIFE LINES OF NATIONAL ECONOMY
In conclusion, Swastik Classes’ NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 7 – Life Lines of National Economy provide a comprehensive understanding of the various modes of transportation and communication that are the lifeblood of a nation’s economy. The chapter emphasizes the importance of transport and communication networks in facilitating the movement of goods and people, and how they are critical for the growth of industry, trade, and commerce. The solutions provided by Swastik Classes cover all the important topics discussed in the chapter, such as roadways, railways, waterways, airways, and communication networks. Our solutions are designed to help students comprehend the concepts in a clear and concise manner and excel in their exams. We hope that our solutions will aid students in their learning journey and help them score good marks in their examinations.
Why is transportation important for a country’s economy?
Transportation is important for a country’s economy because it facilitates the movement of goods and people from one place to another. It plays a critical role in connecting different regions, facilitating trade and commerce, and promoting economic growth.
How does the railway network contribute to the country’s economy?
The railway network contributes significantly to the country’s economy by transporting goods and people across the country. It provides a cheap and reliable mode of transportation, which helps in reducing transportation costs and promoting industrial growth. It also generates employment opportunities and contributes to the growth of the tourism sector.
What are the advantages of waterways as a mode of transportation?
Waterways offer several advantages as a mode of transportation. They are cost-effective, energy-efficient, and environmentally friendly. They can carry large quantities of goods over long distances and provide access to remote areas. Waterways also provide opportunities for recreational activities and promote tourism.
Why is communication important for the growth of the economy?
Communication is essential for the growth of the economy as it facilitates the exchange of information and ideas between individuals, businesses, and governments. It enables businesses to communicate with their customers and suppliers, facilitates trade, and promotes innovation. Communication also plays a crucial role in the functioning of government institutions and the provision of essential services.
How can the development of infrastructure contribute to the growth of the economy?
The development of infrastructure, such as transport and communication networks, can contribute significantly to the growth of the economy. It improves connectivity, reduces transportation costs, and facilitates the movement of goods and people. Infrastructure development also creates employment opportunities and promotes industrial growth.