NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 1: The Indian Constitution

At Swastik Classes, our subject matter specialists work hard to come out with NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 1: The Indian Constitution. The NCERT textbook exercise contains answers to all of the questions that were asked. In order to get a decent grade in class 8 social science, the solutions have been created using the theory and knowledge that is provided in the NCERT textbook. Geography, Civics, and History are the three subtopics that are covered in the NCERT answers for class 8 social science. 

The questions from all three sections have been answered with the necessary information. Please make sure you follow the NCERT answers for class 8 Math as well as the NCERT solutions for class 8 Science. Constructed by the SWC’s Academic staff

NCERT Textbook Questions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 1: The Indian Constitution (Exercises)

Q.1. Why does a democratic country need a constitution?

Ans. A democratic country needs a constitution for the following purposes:

a. It lays down rules that guard against the misuse of power by our political leaders.

b. The constitution guarantees the right to equality to all persons and no citizens can be discriminated against on grounds of religion.

c. Constitution provides certain fundamental rights as well as certain duties to the citizens.

d. The constitution also ensures that a dominant group does not use its power against other less powerful people or groups.

Q.2. Look at the workings of the two documents given below. The first column is from the 1990 Nepal Constitution. The second column is from the more recent Interim Constitution of Nepal.

1990: Constitution of NepalPart 7: Executive2007 Interim ConstitutionPart 5 : Executive
Article 35: Executive Power: The executive power of the kingdom of Nepal shall be vested in His Majesty and the Council of the Ministers.Article 37: Executive Power: The executive power of Nepal shall be vested in the Council of Ministers.

Q.3. What is the difference in who exercises ‘Executive power’ in the above two Constitutions of Nepal? Keeping this in mind, why do you think Nepal needs a new Constitution today?

Ans. According to Constitution of Nepal 1990; the executive power is vested solely in the hands of King. He could exercise his powers as desired. On the other hand according to Interim Constitution of 2007, executive power will be vested in the council of minister. It means the Parliamentary democracy will function in Nepal.

Nepal needs a new constitution which will decide the functions and powers of different heads of government. It will also divide the functions of legislative, executive and judiciary.

Q.4. What would happen if there were no restrictions on the power of elected representatives?

Ans. If there were no restrictions on the power of elected representatives then there will also be possibility that the elected representatives misuse their power. The misuse of authority and power can be lead to gross injustice.

Q.5. In each of the following situations, identify the minority. Write one reason why you think it is important to respect the views of the minority in each of these situations.

a. In a school with 30 teachers, 20 of them are male.

b. In a city, 5 per cent of the population is Buddhists.

c. In a factory mess for all employees, 80 per cent are vegetarians.

d. In a class of 50 students, 40 belong to more well-off families.


a. Female teachers are in minority. The views of female teachers should be respected. Female teachers can understand the psychology of children better. Female teachers have to work at home as well as at schools. So their work-spirit should be considered with respect.

b. Buddhists are in minority. India is a secular country. So right of minority religions should be protected. They should be free to practice their own religious practices which encourage peace and non-violence.

c. Non-vegetarian workers are in minority. Factory mess should daily prepare food for 20% non-vegetarian minority workers. Everybody has the right to eat food according to own choice. When non-vegetarians (minority group) also get food of their own choice, this will create better work atmosphere in the factory.

d. 20 per cent students are poorer and in minority. The majority of richer students should behave well with the poor students and so that they do not get inferiority complex. There will be then better study atmosphere in the class.

Q.6. The column on the left lists some of the key features of the Indian Constitution. In the other column write two sentences in your own words, on why you think this feature is import.

Key FeatureSignificance
FederalismSeparation of PowersFundamental RightsParliamentary Form of Government 


1. Federalism: It is important in our country with vast number of communities such that a system of government which did not involve only persons sitting in the capital take decisions for the whole country. It has dual objectives to safeguard and promote unity of the country, while at the same time accommodate regional diversity.

2. Separation of Powers: In order to prevent the misuse of power by any one branch of the state, the Constitution says that each of these organs should exercise different powers. Through these each organs acts as a check on the other organs of the state and thus ensures the balance of power between all the three.

3. Fundamental Rights: Fundamental rights protect citizens against the arbitrary and absolute exercise of power by the state. Thus, the Constitution attempts to strike a balance between the individual liberty and social control.

4. Parliamentary form of Government: Every citizen of the country, irrespective of his/her social background, can contest in elections. This helps encourage a democratic mind set and breaks the clutches of traditional caste, class and gender hierarchies.

Q.7 Colour in the following countries in the Map:

(a) Colour India in red

(b) Colour Nepal in green

(c) Colour Bangladesh in yellow

Intext Question

Page 6

Q.1 Discuss with your teacher what

you understand by the term

‘constitutive’. Provide one

example of ‘constitutive rules’

from your everyday life.

Ans. The term ‘Constitutive’ means fundamental. One example of Constitutive rule-

A football should not touch the ball with his hand. This is a constitutive rule of the game of football.

Q.2. Why do the people of Nepal

want a new Constitution?

Ans. Nepal needs a new constitution today because it is no longer a monarchy. The older constitution vested power in the king, the when the country is now a democracy, a new constitution is needed to reflect the “democratic” ideals of Nepal that the peoples movement desired and fought for. In order to achieve this, all its constitutive rules must be changed.

Page 7

Q.1. In what way is the class

monitor misusing his power?

Ans. A monitor misuse his power may send his security guard to beat up his neighbours for a personal reason or ask the police not to take action against a relative who has committed a crime.

Q.2. In which of the following

situations is a minister

misusing his power:

a) refuses to sanction a project

of his ministry for sound

technical reasons;

b) threatens to send his

security staff to rough up his


c) calls up the police station

asking them not to register a

complaint that is likely to be

filed against his relative.

Ans. a minister

misusing his power in following situations:

b) threatens to send his

security staff to rough up his


c) calls up the police station

asking them not to register a

complaint that is likely to be

filed against his relative.

Page 13

Q.1. Discuss the difference between

State and Government with

your teacher.

Ans. The difference is that the state – at least in the UK is non-party political. Simply put all the things that don’t change at election time – the police, the schools (your teacher is a state – not government – employee), the civil service.

The government is the ruling party of the day – at the present Labour – and it is very party political.

A simple way to work it out is to watch an episode of ‘Yes, Minister’.

The Minister (Hacker) is government.

The Civil Servant (Sir Humphrey Appleby) is state.

Bernard is actually state (being a civil servant) but does quite a bit of government business – like reminding the minister to vote in the House of Commons – showing the division between the two isn’t always crystal clear.

Page 14

Q.1. Which Fundamental Rights will the following situations


– If a 13-year old child is working in a factory manufacturing


– If a politician in one state decides to not allow labourers

from other states to work in his state.

– If a group of people are not given permission to open a

Telugu-medium school in Kerala.

– If the government decides not to promote an officer of the

armed forces because she is a woman.

Ans. (i)Right against Exploitation

(ii)Right to Freedom

(iii)Cultural and Educational Right

(iv)Right to Equality.

Page 15

Q.1. The Constitution also mentions fundamental duties. Find out

with the help of your teacher what these include and why it is

important for citizens in a democracy to observe these.

Ans. These are mainly included in right to freedom which says right to form association but our fundamental duties are not to pen it on a government land.

Summary of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 1

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