NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 10: Law and Social Justice

At Swastik Classes, our subject matter specialists work hard to come out withNCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 10: Law and Social Justice. The NCERT textbook exercise contains answers to all of the questions that were asked. In order to get a decent grade in class 8 social science, the solutions have been created using the theory and knowledge that is provided in the NCERT textbook. Geography, Civics, and History are the three subtopics that are covered in the NCERT answers for class 8 social science. 

The questions from all three sections have been answered with the necessary information. Please make sure you follow the NCERT answers for class 8 Math as well as the NCERT solutions for class 8 Science. Constructed by the SWC’s Academic staff.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 10: Law and Social Justice [Textbook Questions]

Q.1. Talk to two workers (for example, construction workers, farm worker, factory workers at any shop) to find out if they are receiving the minimum wages laid down by law.


i. Farm workers are not getting minimum wages in villages.

ii. Women workers are not getting equal wages as that of men which is not permitted by law.

Q.2. What are the advantages to foreign companies in setting up production in India?


i. They get cheap labours or workers in India.

ii. Since India has the second largest population country, there is a very vast internal market of foreign goods available in India.

iii. India’s geographical conditions are favourable. India is linked to many other countries of the world. The companies can export their goods to major markets of the world.

Q.3. Do you think the victims of the Bhopal Gas tragedy got justice? Discuss.

Ans. The victims of the Bhopal Gas Tragedy have not got justice even after 28 years of Bhopal Gas Tragedy on December 2, 1984.

Even today 50,000 people are too sick to work. Many of them have developed severe respiratory disorders, eye-problems and other disorders.

Even today many factories, workshops mines are running without proper safety measures.

Q.4. What do we mean when we speak of law enforcement? Who is responsible for enforcement? Why is enforcement so important?


i. Meaning: Law enforcement means that the law maker and enforcer, the government ensures that safety laws are duly implemented.

ii. The government (Executive) is responsible for enforcement law.

iii. The enforcement of law is so important that without enforcement, the framing of laws meaningless. Safety laws were not enforced that led to Bhopal Gas Tragedy.

Q.5. How can laws ensure that markets work in a manner that is fair? Give two examples to support your answer.


i. Laws should ensure that business men use ISI marked balance, weights or measurements.

ii. The products especially the medicines and eatables should have MRP (Maximum Retail Price) and expiry date, marked on them.

It is through laws that the markets are regulated and the relation between workers, consumers and producers are not allowed to become explosive.

Q.6. Imagine yourself to be a worker working in a chemical factory, which has received orders from the government to move to a different site 100 km away from the present location. Write about how you life would change. Read out the response in the classroom.


a. I will have to shift my family.

b. I will have to give ‘Change of address’ notice for my bank and other legal documents.

c. I will have to change the school of my children. If they don’t get a good school, their studies will suffer.

Q.7. Write a paragraph on the various roles of the government that you have read about in this unit.


i. The legislative organ of the government makes laws.

ii. The executive organ of the government implements these laws and enforcement of the laws safeguards the interest of the minorities.

iii. The judiciary organ of the government decides punishment for the law breakers.

iv. The government ensures that the social justice is achieved in the society, for example: workers do not work below minimum wages; child labour is not practiced.

v. The government also undertakes welfare functions are met.

Q.8. What are the sources of environmental pollution in your area? Discuss with respect to: (a) air (b) water and (c) soil. What are the steps being taken to reduce the pollution? Can you suggest some other measures?


i. The sources of environment pollution in our area are:

a. Air is being pollutes from smoke coming from factories, Chimneys.

b. Smoke from petrol and diesel vehicles also pollutes the air.

c. Water pollution is caused by dirt, chemical, fertilizers and garbage from factories, farms and houses.

d. Human wastes and dirt from factories pollute the soil.

ii. The steps taken to reduce pollution are:

a. New laws are being made to check the environment pollution.

b. CNG vehicles are promoted which do not cause pollution.

c. Actions are being taken against companies who are responsible to violate environment laws.

iii. Other suggestions: Laws alone cannot make the environment clean. It is the people and every individual who is responsible and should take voluntary actions to minimize pollution.

Q.9. How was environment treated earlier? What has been the change in perception? Discuss.


i. Earlier, the environment was considered a free entity which anyone could spoil. There was hardly any law to protect the environment. Neither the people, nor the government could take any action.

ii. The Bhopal Gas Tragedy has brought the issues of environment to the forefront. Indian Government has introduced laws to protect the environment. The court has declared the environment to be a public facility and the government is responsible for checking pollution, clear rivers and punishes the wrong doers.

Q.10 What do you think the famous cartoons R.K Laxman is trying to convey in this cartoon? How does it relate to the 2006 law that you read ? It is really cruel burding kids like this. I had to hire that boy help my son.


(i)  I think the famous cartoonist is trying to draw our attention towards child-labour. In the cartoon, a rich woman hires another child to lesson the burden of heavy school-bag on her child’s shoulders.

(ii) The law of 2006, is an amendment to the child labour and Prevention Act, which bans children under 14 years of age from working as domestic servants, tea shops etc.

Summary of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 10: Law and Social Justice

All of the questions on this page, which include the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 10, are broken down and discussed in depth below. Please refer to our NCERT answers if you want to get success in class 8. Do your best to adhere to the NCERT answers that have been produced by an expert teacher for the class 8 mathematics and science assignments.

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