At Swastik Classes, our subject matter specialists work hard to come out with NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 6: Understanding Our Criminal Justice System. The NCERT textbook exercise contains answers to all of the questions that were asked. In order to get a decent grade in class 8 social science, the solutions have been created using the theory and knowledge that is provided in the NCERT textbook. Geography, Civics, and History are the three subtopics that are covered in the NCERT answers for class 8 social science.
The questions from all three sections have been answered with the necessary information. Please make sure you follow the NCERT answers for class 8 Math as well as the NCERT solutions for class 8 Science. Constructed by the SWC’s Academic staff
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 6: Understanding Our Criminal Justice System [ Textbook Questions]
Q.1. In a town called Peace Land, the supporters of the Fiesta football team learn that the supporters of the Jubilee football team in the nearby city about 40km away have damaged the ground on which the Final between both team is to be held the following day. A crowd of Fiesta fans armed with deadly weapons attacks the homes of the supporters of the Jubilee football team in the town. In the attack, 10 men are killed, 5 women are gravely hurt, many homes are destroyed and over 50 people are injured.
Imagine that you and your classmates are now part of the criminal justice system. First divide the class into the following four groups of persons:
2. Public prosecutor
3. Defense lawyer
The column on the right provides a list of functions. Match these with the roles that are listed on the left. Have group pick the functions that it needs to perform to bring justice to those who were affected by the violence of the Fiesta fans. In what order, will these functions be performed?
|Police Public ProsecutorDefense Lawyer Judge Ans.||Hear the witness record the statements of the witnesses.Cross examine the witnesses take photographs of burnt homesRecord the evidence arrest the fiesta fans writes the judgment arue the case for the victims.Decide for how many years the accused will be put in jail examine the witness in courtPass the judgmentGet the assaulted women medically examined conduct a fair trial meet the accused person.|
|Police PolicePolice PolicePoliceJudgeJudge Defense LawyerPublic prosecutorJudgeJudge JudgeJudge||Take photographs of the burnt housesGet the assaulted women medically examined.Record the evidence.Meet the accused persons.Arrest the Fiesta fans.Hear the witness.Record the statement of the witness.Cross examines the victims. Argue the case for victims Writes the judgmentDecide for how many years the accused will be put in jail.Pass the judgment.Conduct a fair trial.|
Q.2. Do you think the victims would get justice if only one person performed all of the functions of the criminal justice system? Why not?
Ans. The victims cannot get the justice if one person performed all the functions of the criminal justice system. Every function requires special skill to perform the task and also if one person performs all the functions, there is least possibility of cross-check. The police receive a complaint, the defense lawyer tries to define the accused, the judge gives decision in the court and decides the punishment for the culprit. If only one person performed all the functions of the criminal justice system, that will lead to end of democracy.
Q.4. State two reasons why do you believe that different persons need to play different roles as the part of the criminal justice system?
Ans. The two reasons to support the view that different persons need to play different roles as the part of the criminal justice system are:
i. The police and the judges are on one side and the public prosecutor and the defense lawyers on the other. This keeps the balance between two sides of the judicial edifice and ensures an impartial and fair justice.
ii. If the duty of charging a person and punishing him is given to a single person, it would be the end of democracy. In such a situation, the Fundamental Rights will have no meaning.
Summary of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 6: Understanding Our Criminal Justice System
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