At Swastik Classes, our subject matter specialists work hard to come out with NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 7: Understanding Marginalisation. The NCERT textbook exercise contains answers to all of the questions that were asked. In order to get a decent grade in class 8 social science, the solutions have been created using the theory and knowledge that is provided in the NCERT textbook. Geography, Civics, and History are the three subtopics that are covered in the NCERT answers for class 8 social science.
The questions from all three sections have been answered with the necessary information. Please make sure you follow the NCERT answers for class 8 Math as well as the NCERT solutions for class 8 Science. Constructed by the SWC’s Academic staff
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 7: Understanding Marginalisation [Textbook Questions]
Q.1 Write in your own words two or more sentences of what you understand by the word ‘marginalization’.
Ans. ‘Marginalization’ is a social process by which certain sections of the society are confined to lower social standing. It results to certain minority (such as Muslims) or Dalits (Particularly among the Hindus) in having a low social status and not having equal access to education and other resources.
Q.2. List the two reasons why Adivasis are becoming increasingly marginalized.
Ans. Adivasis are becoming increasingly marginalized because:
i. They are radically different from communities organized around the principle of jati-varna (castes).
ii. Their way of life is quite different from the majority of people. They wear colourful costumes, strange type of head gears and have different cultures. They like to like in seclusion.
Q.3. Write one reason why you think the Constitution’s safeguards to protect minority communities are very important.
Ans. The Constitution’s safeguards to protect minority communities are very important because the Constitution of our country is the supreme book of laws and regulations. It provides safeguards to religious ethnic and linguistic minorities as a part of our fundamental rights. Every citizen has a right to access to the Apex Court of the country. These provisions aim to achieve communal harmony, national integrity and uniform development.
Q.4. Re-read the section on Minorities and Marginalization. What do you understand by the term minority?
Ans. Our Constitution does not define the word ‘minority’ in detail.
Minorities, whether religious or lingual are those who have less number of people of their own sect and religion in a particular region.
Q.5. You are participating in a debate where you have to provide reasons to support the following statement:
‘Muslims are a marginalized community’. Using the data provided in this chapter, list two reasons that you would give.
Ans. Muslims are marginalized community because:
i. 63.6% of the Muslims live in Kuccha houses.
On the other hand, the people of majority, i.e, the Hindus live in 55.2% in Kuccha houses.
ii. Only 30% of Muslims have access to electricity while 43.2% of the Hindus have access to it.
iii. Piped water is second basic amenity (after pure air) for everyone. But only 19.4% of Muslims have access to piped water. On the other hand, 25.3% of Hindus have access to it.
iv. Literacy rates by religion wise are lowest for the Muslims according to 2001 survey.
Q.6. Imagine that you are watching the Republic Day parade on TV with a friend and she remarks. “Look at these tribals. They look so exotic. And they seem to be dancing all the time.”
List three things that you would tell her about the lives of Adivasis in India.
i. Adivasis led excluded life in different hilly and forest areas of India till middle of the nineteenth century or the dawn of British imperialism in India.
ii. Adivasis are not a homogeneous population. There are over 500 different Adivasi groups in our country. They are particularly numerous in states like Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, and in the north-eastern states of Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura.
iii. Adivasis practice ancestor worship and believes in all types of supernatural spirits like the primitive men.
Q.7. In the story board you read about how Helen hopes to make a move on the Adivasi story. Can you help her by developing a short story on Adivasis?
Ans. The story runs like this:
i. A foreign company has planned to establish a metal company in area of Adivasis. They are forced to move in very large number to various area of India. A man and his girl friend decide to make an association. They approach to district authority, state Government and lastly to central government.
ii. Under their leadership, the Adivasis demand three things forest, water and livelihood. After a long struggle, Human Rights Commission comes forward and their demands are accepted. They are handed over fairly large forest-lands, supply of water and they are given employment in companies and some newly started small scale industries etc.
Q.8. Would you agree with the statement that economic marginalization and social marginalization are interlinked? Why?
Ans. The different reports about the marginalization point out that economic and social marginalization are interlinked.
i. In terms of occupation, houses, piped water, Muslims lag behind many other religious groups.
ii. Most of the Muslims work in unorganized sector and have lower living standards than Hindus as a whole. Because of lack of education, they find it difficult to get both public as well as private sector jobs.
iii. Since they are economically backward, they fail to attain a higher status in Indian society. Thus, economic and social marginalizations are interdependent.
Summary of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 7: Understanding Marginalisation.
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