At Swastik Classes, our subject matter specialists work hard to come out with NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 9: Public Facilities. The NCERT textbook exercise contains answers to all of the questions that were asked. In order to get a decent grade in class 8 social science, the solutions have been created using the theory and knowledge that is provided in the NCERT textbook. Geography, Civics, and History are the three subtopics that are covered in the NCERT answers for class 8 social science.
The questions from all three sections have been answered with the necessary information. Please make sure you follow the NCERT answers for class 8 Math as well as the NCERT solutions for class 8 Science. Constructed by the SWC’s Academic staff
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 9: Public Facilities [Textbook Questions]
Q.1. Why do you think there are so few cases of private water supply in the world?
i. Private companies throughout the world only operate for profit. To supply clean, pure water at affordable rate is not very affordable.
ii. The facilities provided by the private companies will not be affordable by all. A majority of the people would be deprived of the opportunity of availing the basic facilities and enjoying a decent life.
Q.2. Do you think water in Chennai is available and affordable by all? Discuss.
Ans. No, water is not available and affordable in Chennai by all.
i. Areas like Anna Nagar, where senior government officials reside, have tap water for a major part of the day. Even during water scarcity, a water tanker is arranged for them.
ii. Residents of Mylapore get municipal water once in two days.
iii. Madipakam gets water once in four days.
iv. The residents of Saidapet, a slum area do not have separate water connection of their own. The water comes only in common tap for 20 minutes twice a day.
v. The water is not affordable to all. The middle class and rich people can dig bore wells, buy water from tankers or even bottled water for drinking. The poor have the least access to water.
Q.3. How is the sale of water by farmers to water dealers in Chennai affecting the local people? Do you think local people can object to such exploitation of ground water? Can the government do anything in this regard?
Ans. The sale of water by farmers to water dealers in Chennai is affecting adversely the local people.
i. The ground water-level of surrounding towns and villages have dropped drastically resulting in the loss of drinking water to local residents.
ii. The private companies or water dealers pay farmers an advance for the rights to exploit water sources on their land. These companies are using a fleet of over 13,000 water tankers.
iii. Water has become short for agriculture resulting in less production of food grains.
Q.4. Why are most of the private hospitals and private schools located in major cities and not in towns or rural areas?
Ans. Private hospitals and private schools are located in major cities and not in towns or rural areas because:
i. The infrastructural and modern facilities to run such institutes are not available in town or rural areas.
ii. The skilled and educated doctors and educationists reside in major cities and very few of them would like to shift to rural areas or towns.
Q.5. Do you think the distribution of public facilities in our country is adequate and fair? Give an example of your own to explain.
Ans. No, I think the distribution of pub lic facilities in our country is not adequate and fair.
a. In major cities, there are pucca houses but in villages most of the people are even living in Kuccha houses. This is not fair for the biggest democratic country of the world.
ii. There are so many areas and villages where good road, proper schools, hospitals, good sanitation conditions, proper supply of pure water and electricity are not accessible till date.
iii. Even good hospitals and schools are also located in major cities only.
Q.6. Are all the public facilities shared equally by all the people in your area? Elaborate.
Ans. No, all the facilities are not shared equally by all the people in your area. Nearly 20 percent people are living below the poverty line. They do not have a access to pure and clean drinking water.
The rich people purchase sealed water bottles of branded companies. They have access to regular water supply through tap connections.
Q.7. Data on some of the public facilities are collected as part of the Census. Discuss with your class teacher when and how the census is conducted.
Ans. Census is conducted every ten years. The last census was conducted in 2011.
The government appoints special people to collect data from door to door about population, occupation, access to public facilities. The data is compared with last figures and planned figures and suitable actions are taken.
Q.8. Private educational institutions-schools, colleges, universities, technical and vocational training institutes are coming up in our country in a big way. On the other hand, educational institutes run by the government are becoming relatively less important. What do you think would be impact of this? Discuss.
Ans. The impacts of privatization of education will be as follows:
i. The education will be more costly.
ii. However, the new techniques of education will be followed with modern instruments. The private companies, in the competition, try to lend better facilities.
iii. There will be more inequality in society because only people from richer strata will be able to afford to send their children to private institutions.
Summary of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 9: Public Facilities
All of the questions on this page, which include the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 9, are broken down and discussed in depth below. Please refer to our NCERT answers if you want to get success in class 8. Do your best to adhere to the NCERT answers that have been produced by an expert teacher for the class 8 mathematics and science assignments.