Students may better prepare for the Class 10 board exams by using the material provided in the NCERT Solutions Science. This knowledge is extremely crucial as it assists students in better comprehending difficult subject matter. Checking how well you understand a certain subject by reading the solutions to the questions asked in the textbook is a great way to figure out where your knowledge is strongest and where it needs improvement. Our subject matter specialists have designed these NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science in such a manner that the students will have a much better understanding of all of the subjects that are included in the curriculum for CBSE Class 10 Science.
Students are able to create a strong conceptual basis with the help of the NCERT Solutions PDFs available at SWC. This base plays a key part in the students’ preparation for the latter phases of the competitive examinations. We give comprehensive answers to challenges posed by NCERT in accordance with the methodology provided by CBSE. The students are able to effortlessly prepare all of the ideas that are presented in their respective courses better and more successfully, and they are even able to succeed in passing the most difficult competitive examinations, such as JEE Main, JEE Advanced, NEET, AIMS, and so on.
Your academic journey begins a new stage as you reach the eighth grade, and a new facet of learning awaits you. This is the year where pupils begin to acquire an interest in the topic at hand, and it is also the year in which you choose whether you will study business, humanity, or science in the following year (class 12). As a consequence of this, having a solid foundation of knowledge in fields such as mathematics and physics comes highly recommended. The NCERT textbook for class 8 is the greatest book now available on the market for enhancing one’s education in the areas of mathematics and science. Read up on the theory that is presented in the book for grade 8 and answer all of the questions that are posed in the practice section of the NCERT textbook.
NCERT SOLUTION FOR CLASS 8 SCIENCE CHAPTER 3 SYNTHETIC FIBRES – Exercises
Question 1. Explain why some fibres are called synthetic.
Solution : Since man-made fibres are obtained by the synthesis of petrochemicals, they are called synthetic fibres.
Question 2. Mark the correct answers.
Rayon is different from synthetic fibres because
(a) It has a silk like appearance.
(b) It is obtained from wood pulp.
(c) Its fibres can also be woven like those of natural fibres.
Solution : Rayon is different from synthetic fibres because:
(b) It is obtained from wood pulp.
Question 3. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words.
1.Synthetic fibres are also called ……….. or ……….
2.Synthetic fibres are synthesised from raw material called …………
3.Like synthetic fibres, plastic is also a …………..
2.mono or petrochemicals
Question 4. Give examples which indicate that nylon fibres are very strong.
Solution : Nylon fibres are very strong. They are used for making ropes which are used for climbing rocks and for making parachutes. Their usage shows that nylon fibres have high tensile strength.
Question 5. Explain why plastic containers are flavored for storing food.
Solution : The characteristics that make plastics favourable for storing food items are:
(i) Light weight
(ii) Lower price
(iii) Good strength
(iv) Easy handling
Question 6. Explain the difference between thermoplastic and thermosetting plastics.
Solution : There are two types of plastics: Thermosetting plastics and Thermoplastics.
|1. Thermosetting plastic cannot be bent easily. It may break when forced to bend.||1. Thermoplastic can be bent easily.|
|2. Thermosetting plastic cannot be softened by heating. Thus, it cannot be reshaped once moulded.||2. Thermoplastic can be softened easily by heating. Thus, it can be reshaped.|
Question 7. Categorize the materials of the following products into ‘can be recycled’ and ‘cannot be recycled’.
Telephone instruments, plastic toys, cooker handles, carry bags, ball point pens, plastic bowls, plastic covering on electrical wires, plastic chairs, electrical switches.
|Cannot be recycled||Can be recycled|
|Telephone instruments||Plastic toys|
|Cooker handles||Plastic chairs|
|Electrical switches||Carry bags|
|Plastic covering on electrical wires|
|Ball point pens|
Question 8. Rana wants to buy shirts for summer. Should he buy cotton shirts or shirts made from synthetic material? Advise Rana, giving your reason.
Solution : Rana should buy shirts made from cotton. This is because cotton is a good absorber of water. It can soak the sweat coming out of our body and expose it to the environment. Thus, it helps in evaporating the liquid (sweat), thereby cooling our body.
Question 9. Give examples to show that plastics are non-corrosive in nature.
Solution : Plastics are not corroded even if they come in contact with strong chemicals. This is because of their non-reactive nature with most materials. For example, the cleansing chemicals that we use at home are stored in plastic bottles, instead of metal containers.
Question 10. Should the handle and bristles of a tooth brush be made of the same material?
Explain your answer.
Solution : No. The handle and bristles of a tooth brush should be made of different materials. The handle of a toothbrush should be hard and strong, while the bristles should be soft and flexible.
Question 11. ‘Avoid plastics as far as possible’. Comment on this advice.
Solution : Plastics are non-biodegradable. Once introduced into the environment, they take several years to decompose. Plastics add to the environmental pollution. They cannot be burnt as when burnt, they release poisonous gases. Plastic bags thrown in the garbage dump are swallowed by animals like cows. These plastic bags choke their respiratory system and can even prove fatal. Therefore, we should avoid plastics as far as possible.
Question 12. Match the terms of column A correctly with the phrases given in column B.
|(i) Polyester||(d) Fabrics do not wrinkle easily|
|(ii) Teflon||(c) Used to make non-stick cookware|
|(iii) Rayon||(a) Prepared by using wood pulp|
|(iv) Nylon||(b) Used for making parachutes and stockings|
|(i) Polyester||(a) Prepared by using wood pulp|
|(ii) Teflon||(b) Used for making parachutes and stockings|
|(iii) Rayon||(c) Used to make non-stick cookware|
|(iv) Nylon||(d) Fabrics do not wrinkle easily|
Question 13.‘Manufacturing synthetic fibres is actually helping conservation of forests’. Comment.
Solution : Raw materials for natural fibres are mainly derived from plants and this means cutting a lot of trees. This leads to deforestation. But raw materials of synthetic materials are mainly petrochemicals. Hence, manufacturing synthetic fibres helps in the conservation of forests.
Question 14. Describe an activity to show that thermoplastic is a poor conductor of electricity.
Solution : We will design a circuit to see that thermoplastics are poor conductors of electricity.
Materials needed for activity: bulb, some wires, a battery, a piece of metal, and a plastic pipe.
Procedure: Set up the circuit first with the metal and then with the plastic pipe (as shown in the figure).
After you switch on the current, you will observe that the bulb glows in the former case. In the latter case, the bulb does not glow.
Hence, a plastic pipe (which is a thermoplastic) is shown to be a poor conductor of electricity.
Conclusions for NCERT SOLUTION FOR CLASS 8 SCIENCE CHAPTER 3 SYNTHETIC FIBRES
Lacking a solid understanding of scientific principles might have unimaginable repercussions. The NCERT textbook for class 8 science comes highly recommended from a number of different educators. You will not only be able to improve your academic performance by using the appropriate combination of NCERT textbooks and NCERT answers for class 8 science chapter 3, but you will also be able to establish a strong foundation in science. The NCERT answers that were generated by the SWC team are among the finest solutions that are currently accessible on the web.
When working through the exercises in the NCERT textbook, if you run into any type of difficulty or uncertainty, you may use the swc NCERT Solutions for class 8 as a point of reference. While you are reading the theory form textbook, it is imperative that you always have notes prepared. You should make an effort to understand things from the very beginning so that you may create a solid foundation in the topic. Use the NCERT as your parent book to ensure that you have a strong foundation. After you have finished reading the theoretical section of the textbook, you should go to additional reference books.