The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is an autonomous body of the Indian government that formulates the curricula for schools in India that are governed by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and certain state boards. Therefore, students who will be taking the Class 10 tests administered by various boards should consult this NCERT Syllabus in order to prepare for those examinations, which in turn will assist those students get a passing score.
When working through the exercises in the NCERT textbook, if you run into any type of difficulty or uncertainty, you may use the swc NCERT Solutions for class 9 as a point of reference. While you are reading the theory form textbook, it is imperative that you always have notes prepared. You should make an effort to understand things from the very beginning so that you may create a solid foundation in the topic. Use the NCERT as your parent book to ensure that you have a strong foundation. After you have finished reading the theoretical section of the textbook, you should go to additional reference books.
NCERT Book Solutions For Class 9 Civics Democratic Politics -I Chapter 1-Democracy in the Contemporary World – Exercises
Q. 1. Which of the following does not lead to the spread of democracy?
(a) Struggle by the people.
(b) Invasion by foreign countries
(c) End of colonialism
(d) People’s desire for freedom.
Ans. (b) Invasion by foreign countries.
Q. 2. Which of the following statement is true about today’s world?
(a) Monarch as a form of government has vanished.
(b) The leadership between different countries has become more democratic than ever before.
(c) In more and more countries rulers are being elected by the people.
(d) There are no more dictators in the world.
Ans. (b) The leadership between different countries has become more democratic than ever before.
Q.3. Use one of the following statements to complete the sentences.
Democracy in the international organizations requires that…
(a) The rich countries have a greater say (b) Countries should have a ways according to their military
(c) Countries should be treated with respect in proportion to their population
(d) All the countries in the world should be treated equally.
Ans. (d) All the countries in the world should be treated equally.
Q. 4. Based on the information give in this chapter match the following countries and the Path democracy has taken in the country.
|Country||Path to democracy|
|a. Chile b. Nepal c. Poland d. Ghana||(i) Freedom fromBritish colonial rule(ii) End of military dictatorship(iii) End of one Party rule(iv) King agreed to give up his powers|
|Country||Path to Democracy|
|a. Chile b. Nepal c. Polandd. Ghana||(i) End of military dictatorship(ii) King agreed to give up his powers(iii) End of one Party rule(iv) Freedom from British colonial rule|
Q.5. What are the difficulties people face in a non-democratic country? Give answers drawing from the examples given in this chapter.
Ans. (i) One such country is Myanmar, previously known as Burma. It gained freedom from colonial rule in 1948 and became a democracy. But the democratic rule ended in 1962 with a military coup.
(ii) In 1990 elections were held for the first time after almost 30 years. The National League for Democracy, led by Aung San Suu Kyi (pronounced Soo-chi), won the election. But the military leaders of Myanmar refused to step down and did not recognize the election results. Instead, the military put the elected pro-democracy leaders, including Suu Kyi, under house arrest.
(iii) Political activists accused of even the most trivial offences have been jailed. Anyone caught publicly airing views or issuing statements critical of the regime can be sentenced up to twenty years in prison.
(iv) Due to the coercive policies of the military-ruled government in Myanmar, about 6 to 10 lakh people in that country have been uprooted from their homes and have taken shelter elsewhere.
Q. 6. Which freedom are usually taken away when a democracy is over thrown by the military?
Ans. (i) No political activity is allowed. If some one tries he/she could he arrested.
(ii) Freedom to Press is not allowed.
(iii) Any body can be picked up at any time and without any reason can be sent to jail for years. There is no Vakil, appeal and daleel.
(iv) Restriction of movement.
(v) All the democratic ways may be closed.
(vi) Political activists accused of even the most trivial offences have been jailed.
Q. 7. Which of the following positions can contribute to democracy at the global level? Give reasons for your answer in each Case.
-My country gives more money to international institutions. Therefore, I want to be treated with more respect and exercise more power.
-My country may be small or poor. But my voice must be heard with equal respect, because these decisions will affect my country.
-Wealthy nations will have a greater say in international affairs. They cannot let their interests suffer just because they are outnumbered by poor nations.
-Big countries like India must have a greater say in international organizations.
Ans. 1. My country may be small or poor. But my voice must be heard with equal respect, because these decisions will affect my country.
2. Due to this decision my country can not be overlooked by the stronger nations and they could not thrust their decisions on the smaller and poor countries.
3. If our country will have equal rights and respect then we can up lift our country in the worldwide activities like trade, international affairs, role in UNO and the respect of the people of our country.
4. All the countries are same.
Q. 8. Here are three opinions heard in a television debate on the struggle for democracy in Nepal. Which of these do you agree with and why?
Guest 1 : India is a democracy. Therefore, the Indian government must support the people of Nepal who are struggling against monarchy and for democracy.
Guest 2: That is a dangerous argument. We would be in the same position as the US was in Iraq. Remember, no outside force can promote democracy.
Guest 3: But why should we bother about the internal affairs of another country? We should be worried about our business interests there, not about democracy.
Ans. I’m agree with the statement of Guest 1. The reasons are as under:
1. India has broken its silence on the ongoing turmoil in Nepal with a strong message to King Gyanendra: read the writing on the wall and genuinely restore democratic processes or risk losing all powers.
2. New Delhi conveyed to the king that it felt the endgame for the monarchy had begun. This time it made no mention of its long held twin pillars” theory – of political parties and constitutional monarchy being the bulwark needed for Nepal’s stability.
3. Sources said the spontaneous nature of the pro-democracy protests by political parties and the involvement of people from all walks of society showed that “events had begun to unravel very fast”.
4. Neither India nor any other country can determine the outcome of the turmoil. “Events have gone well beyond that,” an analyst said. It was for the king to decide now.
5. It is felt that Gyanendra may still be able to salvage his position and retain “something resembling ceremonial monarchy” if he seeks “genuine” engagement with the political parties. “But given the rising tide of republicanism, even that option may not available for long,” a source said.
6. At last the King Gyanendra step down. Now Nepal is a democratic country.
Q. 9. In an imaginary country called Happy land, the people overthrew the foreign ruler and brought back the old royal family. They said: “After all their ancestors were our kings before foreigners started ruling us. It is good that we have one strong ruler, who can help us become rich and powerful”. When someone talked about democracy the wise men said it is a foreign idea. Their struggle was to throw the foreigners and their ideas out of the country. When someone demanded freedom. For the media, the elders thought that too much criticism of the ruler would not help them improve their living standards. “After all, the king is so kind and interested in the welfare of all the subjects. Why create problems for him? Don’t we all want to be happy?”
After reading the above passage, Chaman, Champa and Chandru made the following observations:
Chaman: Happy land is a democratic country because people were able to throw out the foreign rulers and bring back the king.
Champa: Happy land is not a democratic country because people cannot criticize the ruler. The king may be nice and may provide economic prosperity, but a king can not give a democratic rule.
Chandra: What people need is happiness. So they are willing to allow their new ruler to take decisions for them. If people are happy it must be a democracy.
What is your opinion about each of these statements? What do you think about the form of government in this country?
Ans. 1. As people need happiness, so they are willing to allow their new ruler to make decisions for them. If people are happy it must be a democracy.
2. In a democratic country we have certain fundamental rights. They are must for every citizen. So that they can do the best and remain in a peaceful manner.
3. This is human nature that he can not bear any outer pressure. So democracy is for the uplifting and happiness of the people.
Conclusions for NCERT Book Solutions For Class 9 Civics Democratic Politics -I Chapter 1-Democracy in the Contemporary World
SWC academic staff has developed NCERT answers for this chapter of the ninth grade SST curriculum. We have solutions prepared for all the ncert questions of this chapter. The answers, broken down into steps, to all of the questions included in the NCERT textbook’s chapter are provided here. Read this chapter on theory. Be certain that you have read the theory section of this chapter of the NCERT textbook.