The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is an autonomous body of the Indian government that formulates the curricula for schools in India that are governed by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and certain state boards. Therefore, students who will be taking the Class 10 tests administered by various boards should consult this NCERT Syllabus in order to prepare for those examinations, which in turn will assist those students get a passing score.
When working through the exercises in the NCERT textbook, if you run into any type of difficulty or uncertainty, you may use the swc NCERT Solutions for class 9 as a point of reference. While you are reading the theory form textbook, it is imperative that you always have notes prepared. You should make an effort to understand things from the very beginning so that you may create a solid foundation in the topic. Use the NCERT as your parent book to ensure that you have a strong foundation. After you have finished reading the theoretical section of the textbook, you should go to additional reference books.
NCERT Book Solutions For Class 9 Civics Democratic Politics -I Chapter 2 – What is Democracy? Why Democracy? – Exercises
What is Democracy? Why Democracy?
Q.1. Here is some information about four countries. Based on this information, why would you classify each of these unties. Write “democratic”, “undemocratic’ or “not sure against each of these.
(a) Country A: People who do not accept the Entry’s official religion do not have a right to vote.
(b) Country B: The same party has been being elections for the last twenty years.
(c) Country C: Ruling party has lost in the first three elections.
(d) Country D: There is no independent election Commission.
Ans. (a) Not sure, (b) Undemocratic, (c) Democratic, (d) Undemocratic.
Q. 2. Here is some information about four countries. Based on this information, how would you classify each of these countries. Write democratic”, “undemocratic’ or “not sure against each of these.
(a) Country P: The parliament cannot pass a law about the army without the consent of the chief of Army.
(b) Country Q. The parliament cannot pass CLU reducing the powers of the judiciary.
(c) Country R. The country’s leaders cannot “any treaty with another country without ring permission from its neighboring country,
(d) Country S : All the major economic visions about the country are taken by officials the central bank which the ministers cannot change.
Ans. (a) Undemocratic,
Q. 3. Which of these is not a good Argument in favor of democracy? Why?
(a) People feel free and equal in a democracy. (b) Democracies resolve conflict in a better than others.
(c) Democratic government is more accountable to the people.
(d) Democracies are more prosperous than others
Ans. (d) “Democracies are more prosperous an others.” This argument is not in favor ofdemocracy. Because in democratic countries the poor and the rich all are living and all of them have a say, because their representatives make decisions according to their welfare and benefit. The representatives also feel that they will be chosen according to their work. So they also remain in the grip of fear. So they work hard.
Q.4. Each of these statements contain a democratic and an undemocratic element. Write out the two separately for each statement.
(a) A minister said that some laws have to be passed by the parliament in order to confirm to the regulations decided by the World Trade Organization.
(b) The Election Commission ordered repelling in a constituency where large scale rigging was reported.
(c) Women’s representation in the parliament has never reached 10 per cent. This led women’s organizations to demand one-third seats for women.
Ans. (a) Undemocratic.
Q.5. Which of these is not a valid reason for arguing that there is a lesser possibility of famine in a democratic country?
(a) Opposition parties can draw attention to hunger and starvation.
(b) Free press can report suffering from famine in different parts of the country.
(c) Government fears its defeat in the next elections,
(d) People are free to believe in and practice any religion.
Ans. (d) People are free to believe in and practice any religion.
Q.6. There are 40 villages in a district where the government has made no provision for drinking water. These villagers met and considered many methods of forcing the government to respond to their need. Which of these is not a democratic method?
(a) Filing a case in the courts claiming that water is part of right to life.
(b) Boycotting the next elections to give a message to all parties.
(c) Organizing public meetings against government’s policies.
(d) Paying money to government officials to get water.
Ans. (d) Paying money to government officials to get water.
Q.7. Write a response to the followingarguments against democracy:
(a) Army is the most disciplined andCorruption-freeorganization in the country,Therefore army should rule the country.
(b) Rule of the majority means the rule of ignorant people. What we need is the rule of the wise, even if they are in small numbers.
(c) If we want religious leaders to guide us in spiritual matters, why not invite them to guide us in politics as well. The country should be ruled by religious leaders.
Ans. (a) Army should not rule the country of being disciplined and corruption free because the army doesn’t present the will of the people of the country.
(b) We don’t need the rule of wise in democracy if they are in small numbers because in democracy those should rule who represent the majority. Rule of majority does not mean the rule of ignorant people.
(c) The country should not be ruled by religious leaders in democracy because religion is matter of personal belief and faith in a supernatural power. Whereas democracy is totally based on the need and problems of man.
Q.8. Are the following statements in keeping with democracy as a value? Why?
(a) Father to daughter: I don’t want to hear your opinion about your marriage. In our family children marry where the parents tell them to.
(b) Teacher to student: Don’t disturb my concentration by asking me questions in the classroom.
(c) Employee to the officer. Our working hours must be reduced according to the law.
Ans.(a) The statement does not have democratic value, instead it how the elements of dictatorship of father. Because in democracy everyone has the right to freedom of thought, opinion and to marry anyone he/she like.
(b) No, the statement does not keep till democratic value, because in a broader sell the students have the right to ask any question to the teacher related to the subject.
(c) Yes, the statement keeps the democrat value, because in working hours are divided the law of country made by the people representatives in parliament.
Q. 9. Consider the following facts about a country and decide if you would call it a democracy. Give reasons to support your decision.
(a) All the citizens of the country have rise to vote. Elections are held regularly.
(b) The country took loan from international agencies. One of the conditions for giving was that the government would reduce expenses on education and health.
(c) People speak more than seven language but education is available only in one language the language spoken by 52 percent people of соuntry.
(d) Several organizations have given a for peaceful demonstrations and nation strikes in the country to oppose these policy Government has arrested these leaders.
(e) The government owns the radio television in the country. All the newspapers to get permission from the government’s policy and protests.
Ans. (a) In a democratic country every has right to vote.
(b) Education and health expenditure c be reduced in a democratic country.
(c) In a democratic country it cannot bed beyond its resources,
(d) In a democratic country it happy occasionally.
(e) This is not democratic because freed of press is must.
Q.10. In 2004 a report published in U pointed to the increasing inequalities that country. Inequalities in income reflected in the participation of people democracy. It also shaped their abilities influence the decisions taken by government. The report highlighted that:
• If an average Black family earns $100 then late family has twelve times more wealth than overage Black family.
• In a President’s election, nearly nine out of individuals in families with income over 8 T000 have voted. These people are the top 20% The population in terms of their income. On a other hand only 5 people out of 10 from miles with income less than $ 15,000 have red. They are the bottom 20% of the population terms of their income.
• About 95% contribution to the political Ties comes from the rich. This gives them. port unity to express their opinion and concern, itch is not available to most citizens.
• As poor sections participate less in politics, government does not listen to their concerns coming out of poverty, getting job, education,
• health care and housing from them. Politicians hear most regularly about the concerns of business and the most rich.
Q.11. Write an essay on “Democracy and Poverty” using the information given in this report but using examples from India.
Ans. It is right that there is a fight between the have and have notes. The facts mentioned in the report of 2004in USA clearly indicate that rich people are more influencing than the poor. They are the decision makers. All the policies are set by their representatives. Poor people have no say. It may be considered undemocratic but we must see the facts mentioned in the report. In the Indian democracy we can see easily that common man cannot contest election at his own expenses. The grassroots poor people are working day and night for their livelihood. They have to fight with hunger not the government or any of its policy.
Conclusions for NCERT Book Solutions For Class 9 Civics Democratic Politics -I Chapter 2 – What is Democracy? Why Democracy?
SWC academic staff has developed NCERT answers for this chapter of the ninth grade SST curriculum. We have solutions prepared for all the ncert questions of this chapter. The answers, broken down into steps, to all of the questions included in the NCERT textbook’s chapter are provided here. Read this chapter on theory. Be certain that you have read the theory section of this chapter of the NCERT textbook.