The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is an autonomous body of the Indian government that formulates the curricula for schools in India that are governed by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and certain state boards. Therefore, students who will be taking the Class 10 tests administered by various boards should consult this NCERT Syllabus in order to prepare for those examinations, which in turn will assist those students get a passing score.
When working through the exercises in the NCERT textbook, if you run into any type of difficulty or uncertainty, you may use the swc NCERT Solutions for class 9 as a point of reference. While you are reading the theory form textbook, it is imperative that you always have notes prepared. You should make an effort to understand things from the very beginning so that you may create a solid foundation in the topic. Use the NCERT as your parent book to ensure that you have a strong foundation. After you have finished reading the theoretical section of the textbook, you should go to additional reference books
NCERT Book Solutions For Class 9 Civics Democratic Politics -I Chapter 4 – Electoral Politics – Exercises.
Q. 1. Which of the following statements about the reasons for conducting elections are false?
(a) Elections enable people to judge the performance of the government.
(b) People select the representative of their choice in an election.
(c) Elections enable people to evaluate the performance of the judiciary.
(d) People can indicate which policies they prefer.
Ans. (a) Elections enable people to judge the performance of the government.
Q. 2. Which of these is not a good reason to say that Indian elections are democratic?
(a) India has the largest number of voters in the World.
(b) India’s Election Commission is very powerful.
(c) In India, everyone above the age of 18 has a right to vote.
(d) In India, the losing parties accept the electoral verdict.
Ans. (a) India has the largest number of voters in the world. It is not good reason for the Indian elections.
Q. 3. Match the following:
|(1) It is necessary to keep the voters list up to date because(2) Some constituencies are reserved for SCs and STs so that(3) Everyone has one and only one vote so that (4) Party in power is not allowed to use government vehicles because||(a) there is a fair representation of allsections of our society.(b) everyone has equal opportunity to electtheir representative.(c) all candidates must have a fair chanceof competing in elections.(d) some people may have moved awayfrom the area where they voted last.|
Ans. 1. (d), 2. (a), 3. (b), 4. (c).
Q. 4. List all the different election related activities mentioned in the chapter and arrange them in a time sequence, beginning with the first activity and ending
with the last. Some of these activities are given below:
Releasing election manifestos; counting of votes; making of voters’ list; election campaign; declaration of election results; casting of votes; ordering of re-poll; announcing election schedule; filing nomination.
Ans. Election related activities in correct sequence are as under:
1. Announcing election schedule
2. Making of voters list.
3. Filing nomination.
4. Releasing election manifestos,
5. Elections campaign.
6. Casting of vote.
7. Ordering of re-poll.
8. Counting of votes
9. Declaration of elections result.
Q. 5. Surekha is an officer in-charge of ensuring free and fair elections in an
assembly constituency in a state. Describe what she should focus on for each of the following stages of election:
(a) Election campaign (b) Polling day (c) Counting day.
Ans. (a) Election campaign: Surekha as an election in charge should focus to regulate campaigns to ensure every political party and the candidate to get fair and equal chance to complete. She should take steps to stop each party and candidate from practicing:
– bribe or threaten the voters.
– appeal to the voters in the name of caste or religion
– use of government resources for election campaign.
(b) Polling day: She focus to conduct free and fair election at each and every booth of the state by taking some hostile decision to stop rigging, booth-capturing by any candidate or party.
(c) Counting day : She should make security arrangement to stop any party to use unfair means to affect free and fair counting of the votes. She must be ready to face the supporters of the party and candidate who will be defeated.
Q. 6. The table below gives the proportion of different communities among the candidates who won elections to the US Congress. Compare these to the proportion of these communities in the population of the US. Based on this, would you suggest a system of reservations in the US Congress ? If yes, why and for which communities ? If no,
|BlacksHispanicsWhites||Proportion of the community (in percent) in theHouse of representativesPopulation of US8589131370|
Ans. 1. The Blacks have lesser number of seats (i.e., 8) in the House of Representatives as compared to their population (13%) so a system of reservation should be there for them in U.S. Congress.
2. In case of Hispanics, the need of reservation is some what hat more as the number of their members in the House of Representatives is far less (5) as compared to their population (13%).
3. There is no need of reservation for the Whites as they have already more seats (86) in the house of Representatives as compared to their population (70%).
Q. 7. Can we draw the following conclusions from the information given in this chapter? Give two facts to support your position for each of these.
1. Election Commission of India does not have enough powers to conduct free and fair elections in the country.
2. There is a high level of popular participation in the elections in our country.
3. It is very easy for the party in power to win an election.
4. Many reforms are needed to make our elections completely free and fair.
Ans. (a) Election Commission is an independent agency and no body can challenge its power.
(b) Yes, the participation of people is as per our democratic norms. We have rights of participation in the elections.
(c) It is not necessary that a party in power can win the election because according to the code of conduct no body can use of official machinery or person in its favour so often we see that the party in power is not winning the election.
(d) It is fact that reforms are needed to make our election completely free and fair because we can observe that the candidates are spending more than the allotted expenditure of the Election Commission.
No doubt there is proper security arrangement but still booth capturing and use of force and money is still there. So we must check these problems and make election completely free and fair.
Q. 8. Chinappa was convicted for torturing his wife for dowry. Satbir was held guilty of practicing untouchability. The court did not allow either of them to contest elections. Does this decision go against the principles of democratic elections?
Ans. The decision of the court is correct regarding Chinappa and Satbir that they cannot contest elections. This decision is not against the principle of democratic election because of the Election Commission is also in favour of such decision that the criminals or convicts should not be contest the elections.
Q. 9. Here are some reports of electoral malpractices from different parts of the world. Is there anything that these countries can learn from India to improve their elections? What would you suggest in each case?
(a) During an election in Nigeria, the officer in charge of counting votes deliberately increased the votes of one candidate and declared him elected. The court later found out that more than five lakh votes cast for one candidate were counted in favour of another.
(b) Just before elections in Fiji, a pamphlet was distributed warning voters that a vote for former Prime Minister, Mahendra Chaudhary will lead to bloodshed. This was a threat to voters of Indian origin.
(c) In the US, each state has its own method of voting, its own procedure of counting and its own authority for conducting elections. Authorities in the state of Florida took many controversial decisions that favoured Mr. Bush in the presidential elections in 2000. But no one could change those decisions.
Ans. (a) In this matter the Nigerian government should send their representatives in India to learn and operate the electronic voting machines (EVM).
(b) In this matter we can see the Indian origin voters are not say in other countries that is why the threats being given to him. In such condition Indian government can suggests the Fizzi government to make proper security arrangement for the Indian voters specially.
(c) Process of Elections in US and its states of different because their is no unified agency like Election Commission of India, that is why their election process is different according to their will.
Q.10. Here are some reports of malpractices in Indian elections. Identify what the problem in each case is. What should be done to correct the situation?
(a) Following the announcement of elections, the minister promised to provide financial aid to reopen the closed sugar mill.
(b) Opposition parties alleged that their
173 statements and campaign was not given due attention in Doordarshan and All India Radio.
(c) An inquiry by the Election Commission showed that electoral rolls of a state contain name of 20 lakh fake voters.
(d) The hoodlums of a political party were moving with guns, physically preventing supporters of other political parties to meet the voters and attacking meetings of other parties.
Ans. (a) After the announcement of the election no minister can announce any benefit to any section of people or as a whole because it is against the code of conduct.
(b) The government should asked the Doordarshan and All India Radio to give due attention in case of opposition parties election campaign.
(c) The Election Commission should order to make another voters list of the genuine voters. So that the people of the state can see their name in the voter list and mark or report any fault done by the press or the official on duty.
(d) The activities of any such party taking the help of hoodlums to threaten the voters of other parties and disturbing the meeting of other parties can be noted by the Election Commission they should take strict action against the hoodlums and the party concerned.
Q. 11. Arun was not in class when this chapter was being taught. He came the next day and repeated what he had heard from his father. Can you tell Ramesh what is wrong with these statements?
(a) Women always vote the way men tell them to. So what is the point of giving them the right to vote?
(b) Party politics creates tension in society. Elections should be decided by consensus not by competition.
(c) Only graduates should be allowed to stand as candidates for elections.
Ans. (a) This is not right that women can be pressed by their husbands to vote to any particular party. This will not show the democratic attitude because according to our constitution they have equal rights. So the statement given was wrong.
(b) In this statement this is not proper election process. We cannot decide election only by consensus because at the time of voting they have to see many things regarding the candidate.
(c) This is against the constitutional way. Everyone have equal rights to contest elections without any discrimination of caste, creed education on status etc.
Conclusions for NCERT Book Solutions For Class 9 Civics Democratic Politics -I Chapter 4 – Electoral Politics
SWC academic staff has developed NCERT answers for this chapter of the ninth grade SST curriculum. We have solutions prepared for all the NCERT questions of this chapter. The answers, broken down into steps, to all of the questions included in the NCERT textbook’s chapter are provided here. Read this chapter on theory. Be certain that you have read the theory section of this chapter of the NCERT textbook.