NCERT Solutions For Class 9 History Chapter 3 – Nazism and the Rise of Hitler
The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is an autonomous body of the Indian government that formulates the curricula for schools in India that are governed by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and certain state boards. Therefore, students who will be taking the Class 10 tests administered by various boards should consult this NCERT Syllabus in order to prepare for those examinations, which in turn will assist those students to get a passing score.
When working through the exercises in the NCERT textbook, if you run into any type of difficulty or uncertainty, you may use the SWC NCERT Solutions for Class 9 History Chapter 3 – Nazism and the Rise of Hitler as a point of reference. While you are reading the theory from a textbook, it is imperative that you always have notes prepared. You should make an effort to understand things from the very beginning so that you may create a solid foundation in the topic. Use the NCERT as your parent book to ensure that you have a strong foundation. After you have finished reading the theoretical section of the textbook, you should go to additional reference books.
NCERT Solutions Class 9 History Chapter 3 – Nazism and the Rise of Hitler (Textbook Questions)
Q. 1. Describe the problems faced by the Weimar Republic.
Ans. (a) The Weimar Republic faced problems from the very beginning. The communists backed by the Bolsheviks used the country’s instability to stage a revolution.
(b) Led by Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, the Bolsheviks tried to organize a proletariat revolution in 1919. But the army crushed the attempt.
(c) In the following year, a right wing Kappa Putsch (armed insurrection) was attempted in Berlin. This was the conservatives’ attempt to take the country back to the days of Prussian aristocratic domination.
(d) This attempt failed but not until all important government officers fled Berlin leaving a vacuum to be filled by the workers. This was followed by strikes in all the cities and the army had to be called into suppress them.
Q.2. Discuss why Nazism become popular in Germany by 1930.
(CBSE C.C.E. Exam, 2010) Ans. The reasons are as under:
(i) Germany lost in First World War and very harsh terms and conditions were imposed on Germany by Allies through the Treaty of Versailles.
(ii) Due to the Great Economic Depression of 1929-1932-33) Germany faced various types of economic problems such as unemployment, poverty and rising prices of almost all things.
(iii) Adolf Hitler wrote a book named “Mein Kampf’ (My Struggle) that contain philosophyand principles of Nazism. Hitler was a very goodOrator. He motivated the Germans and propagated and took various steps against the Jews, whom including Hitler most of the Germans hated and considered them responsible for defeat of Germany in the First World War.
(iv) Nazism became popular in Germany in 1930 because the public government, which was formed after First World War could not solve the problems of Germany.
Q.3. What are the peculiar features of Nazi thinking ?
Ans.1. The crisis in the Germany’s economy, polity and society was used as the background by Adolf Hitler for rise to power. The German defeat horrified him and the Versailles Treaty made him furious. In 1919, he joined a small group called the German Workers Party.
2. The Nazis could not effectively mobilize popular support till the early 1930s. It was during the Great Depression that Nazism became a mass movement. Nazi propaganda stirred hopes of a better future for collapsed banks and shut down business-houses, unemployed workers and for the middle class people.
3. Hitler was a powerful speaker. His passion and his words moved people. He promised to build a strong nation, undo the injustice of the Versailles Treaty (This treaty was hatred by most of Germans) and restore the dignity of the German people. He promisedemployment for those looking for work, and asecure future for the youth of Germany.
4. Adolf Hitler devised a new style of politics. He properly understood the importance of rituals and spectacle (which are liked by conservatives) in mobilizing people. He held massive rallies and public meetings to demonstrate his popularity and mass-support and instill a sense of unity among the people. The Red banners with the Swastika, the Nazi salute and the ritualized round of applause after the speeches were all parts of this spectacle of power,
Q. 4. Explain why Nazi propaganda was effective in creating a hatred for Jews. Ans. (a) Propaganda films were made to create hatred for Jews. The most infamous film was the Eternal Jew. Orthodox Jews were stereo typed and were shown with flowing beards wearing kaftans.
(b) In reality, it was difficult to distinguish German Jews by their outward appearance as they were a highly assimilated community. They were referred to as vermin, rats and pests. Their movements were compared to those of rodents.
(c) Nazism worked on the minds of the people. It tapped their emotions and made them look at the Jews with hatred and anger.
Q.5. Explain what role women had in Nazi society.
Ans. (a) Women in Nazi – Germany were meant to be good mothers and rear pure-blooded Aryan children. A girl’s duty was to maintain the purity of the race, maintain distance from Jews and teach their children the values of Nazism. They were to be the bearers of the Aryan culture and race.
(b) Women who performed such duties were given favored treatment in hospitals and were also given concessions in shops and on theatre tickets and railway fares.
(c) To encourage women to give birth to more children, Honor Crosses were awarded. A bronze cross was awarded for four children, silver for six and gold for eight or more.
(d) All ‘Aryan’ women who deviated from the prescribed code of conduct were publicly condemned and severely punished.
Q.6. In what ways did the Nazism state seek to establish total control over its people? (CBSE C.C.E. Exam, 2010)
Ans. The ways of the Nazis state seek to establish total control over its people:
1. In 1921 Nazi Party was established. Only this party was allowed to work and its all opposition parties and trade unions were banned in Germany.
2. Adolf Hitler’s book Mein Kampf was used to glorify the use of force and brutality, and the rule by a great leader and ridiculed internationalism, peace and democracy. Throughout Germany an atmosphere of terror was created.
3. Hitler and his supporters preached extreme hatred against the German Jews who were blamed not only for the defeat of Germany in the First World War but for all the ills of this country.
4. Hitler glorified extreme nationalism, colonialism, war, and militarization and anti-trade union ideas.
5. He clearly declared that he would not accept any terms of unjust Treaty of Versailles. After January, 1933 the entire fabric of democracy in Germany was shattered and Hitler’s dictatorship was established.
Conclusions of NCERT Solutions Class 9 History Chapter 3
SWC academic staff has developed NCERT answers for this chapter of the ninth-grade SST curriculum. We have solutions prepared for all the NCERT questions of this chapter. The answers, broken down into steps, to all of the questions included in the NCERT textbook’s chapter are provided here. Read this chapter on theory. Be certain that you have read the theory section of this chapter of the NCERT textbook.